Scaling & Root Planing
A non-surgical procedure that is a deep cleaning designed to fight periodontal disease or prepare for additional procedures.
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What Does a Scaling & Root Planing Procedure Entail?
Dr. Nozaki will only perform scaling and root planing after a thorough examination of the mouth, which may include taking x-rays and visually examining the mouth. Depending on the condition of the gums, the amount of tartar present, the depth of the pockets, and the progression of periodontitis, Dr. Nozaki may recommend scaling and root planing. In most cases, a local anesthetic will be used during the procedure.
Scaling – When scaling is performed, calculus and plaque that attaches to the tooth surfaces is removed. The process especially targets the root surface beneath the gum line.
Root Planing – Root planing is performed in order to remove diseased cementum and surface dentin that is embedded with unwanted microorganisms, toxins, and tartar. The root of the tooth is literally smoothed, which promotes healing, and also helps prevent bacteria from easily colonizing in the future.
Antibiotics or irrigation with antimicrobials (chemical agents or mouth rinses) may be recommended to help control the growth of bacteria that create toxins and cause periodontitis.
If deep pockets remain between teeth and gums after scaling, patients can seldom keep these pockets clean and free of plaque. Consequently, surgical treatment may be needed to correct the damage and restore periodontal health.
Benefits of Treatment
Scaling and root
Another benefit of treatment is protecting teeth against tooth loss. When gum pockets exceed 3mm in depth, the risk for periodontal disease increases. As pockets deepen, more bacteria are able to colonize, eventually causing a chronic inflammatory response by the body to destroy gingival, and bone tissue. This leads to tooth loss.
Finally, scaling and root